Glossary

Ablative

This laser procedure delivers an intense wavelength of light to the skin, which then removes the outer layers of aged or sun damaged skin. The laser stimulates the underlying skin, resulting in collagen formation and an improvement in wrinkles and fine lines.

Actinic keratoses

Actinic keratosis, also known as a solar keratosis, is a crusty, scaly growth caused by damage from exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation.

Antibiotics

Antibiotics are medicines that help stop infections caused by bacteria.

Collagen

Collagen is a naturally occurring protein found in our bodies. This protein is what helps give our skin strength and elasticity, and replaces dead skin cells.

Cryolipolysis

Cryolipolysis, or “CoolSculpting” uses cold temperature to break down fat cells. While the fat cells freeze, the skin and other structures are spared from injury.

Dyschromia

Dyschromia is irregular or patchy discolouration of the skin, caused by variations in pigment density, melanin abnormality, or vascular changes.

Elastin

Elastin is the main constituent of elastic connective tissue, found especially in the dermis of the skin.

Hormonal medication

Hormone medication is a combination of hormones used to therapeutically treat menopause symptoms.

Hyaluronic acid

Hyaluronic acid is the active ingredient in filler, and a naturally occurring substance found in our skin that holds water and helps keep skin hydrated and plump. The Hyaluronic acid molecule holds a thousand times its weight in water and retains all that moisture in our skin.

Hyperpigmentation

A common condition that causes patches of skin become darker in colour than the surrounding skin. This darkening occurs when an excess of melanin, the brown pigment that produces normal skin colour, forms deposits in the skin.

Melanocytes

A melanocyte is a type of cell located in the basal layer of the epidermis. Melanocytes produce melanin, a brown pigment that is responsible for skin coloration.

Oral retinoids

Retinoids are an effective treatment for a number of dermatological conditions, such as inflammatory skin disorders, skin cancers, psoriasis, photoaging, and skin wrinkles.

P acnes bacteria

P acnes is considered a key player in acne development because this bacteria feeds off skin sebum and oils. The presence of P Acne in the pores initiates an immune response that triggers inflammation and redness.

Radio frequency (RF)

Radio-frequency skin tightening uses energy to heat tissue and stimulate sub-dermal collagen production in order to reduce the appearance of fine lines and loose skin. The technique promotes tissue remodelling and production of new collagen and elastin.

Sclerodex

The injected solution recommended for the local treatment of varicose veins, especially small vessels and communicating veins of the superficial venous system.

Topical anaesthetic

A local anaesthetic used to temporarily numb the skin and provide the patient with more comfort during spa or clinical procedures.

Topical retinoids

Topical retinoids are creams, lotions and gels containing medicine derived from Vitamin A. These compounds result in proliferation and reduced keratinization of skin cells independent of their functions as a vitamin.

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